By Jairus Banaji
This e-book argues that the overdue empire observed big monetary and social swap, propelled via the strong stimulus of a reliable gold coinage that circulated generally. Exploiting quite a lot of assets, Agrarian switch in past due Antiquity weaves jointly assorted strands of historiography (Weber, Mickwitz, papyrology, agrarian heritage) right into a interesting interpretation that demanding situations the minimalist orthodoxies approximately past due antiquity and the traditional economic system extra quite often.
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Extra info for Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance
3, 1986) 133–40, on ‘slave-staﬀed arable estates’. 11–13 wanted tighter controls through sample checks and the use of measuring devices; for one of these, which local farmers called ciconia, he produced a design modiﬁcation that would enable landowners to argue their case for a better quality of trenching. In Columella’s example the contractor seems to have no latitude in determining the way the job is done; the method is predetermined and the work (based on contract labour) tightly supervised.
J. Mattingly, ‘Town Houses at Ptolemais, Cyrenaica: A Summary Report of Survey and Excavation Work in 1971, 1978–1979’, Libyan Studies 17 (1986) 109–53, esp. 152. 296, Palladius, Opus agric. , both referring to the use of superior harvesting machines ‘on the large farms of the Gallic provinces’ (Pliny) or the ‘ﬂatter parts of Gaul’ (Palladius). See G. Raepsaet, ‘Les prémices de la mécanisation agricole entre Seine et Rhin de l’antiquité au 13e siècle’, Annales ESC 50 (1995) 911–42, esp. 918–28, for the technologies and a possible geographical reference.
Moreover, when Bücher says earlier in the same passage that ‘If . . the expression capital is restricted to means of production, then it must in any case be limited to tools and implements, the so-called ﬁxed capital. What modern theorists usually designate circulating capital is in the independent household economy merely a store of consumption goods in process of preparation’ (Industrial Evolution, tr. S. M. Wickett (London, 1901) 112), he simply forgets moneylending. 5 Max Weber, Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology, ed.
Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance by Jairus Banaji