Download e-book for iPad: All About Whaling and Conservation Issues by Irena Theriot

By Irena Theriot

ISBN-10: 8132337107

ISBN-13: 9788132337102

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During the 1930s, as German whaling in the Antarctic was coming about, the Nazis maintained that a gunsmith from Bremerhaven, H. G. Cordes, was responsible for Foyn's invention, and should thus receive credit for having brought whaling into the modern era. Foyn had indeed ordered material from Cordes, but he had found it unserviceable, and only experimented with his gun for a season. Cordes, working with John P. Rechten of Bremen, had developed an improved version of the Greener gun in 1856. They made a second version of this swivel gun with two barrels, side by side, with the left barrel shooting a harpoon and the right a bomb lance.

By this time most of the catching was done far from the coast. The last station closed down in 1904. Iceland In 1883 the first whaling station was established in Alptafjordur, Iceland. In the first season, using an 84 gross ton whale catcher, only eight whales were caught, but in the following season (1884) twenty-five were caught, all of which were Blue Whales, with the exception of two. In 1889 another station was established. Between 1890 and 1894 three more companies, all Norwegian, established themselves in Iceland.

Despite this, local citizens established a whaling company in 1876, and soon others defied his monopoly and formed companies. With the commencement of unrestricted catching in 1883, the number of whaling stations increased from eight to sixteen, and the number of whale catchers from twelve to twentythree. Catching material peaked in 1886–88 with an average of about thirty-one catchers operating each season, while peak catching was not reached until 1892–93 and 1896–98, when between 1,000 and 1,200 whales were caught each year.

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All About Whaling and Conservation Issues by Irena Theriot

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