New PDF release: Aphorism in the Francophone Novel of the Twentieth Century

By Mark Bell

ISBN-10: 0773515283

ISBN-13: 9780773515284

Aphorism within the Francophone Novel of the 20th Century comprises severe readings of Terre des hommes by way of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Alexandre Chenevert through Gabrielle Roy, Gouverneurs de los angeles rosée by means of Jacques Roumain, Pluie et vent sur Télumée miracle via Simone Schwarz-Bart, l. a. course des Flandres through Claude Simon, Présence de l. a. mort by way of C.F. Ramuz, and Neige noire via Hubert Aquin. Bell addresses the issues inherent within the time period aphorism, the narrative and discourse functionality of aphorism in the style of the unconventional, the interrelation among the constitution of aphorism and the epistemological and hermeneutical capabilities this sub-genre might practice as an element a part of the narrative cloth, the "national" personality of aphoristics, and the issues that come up from "anthologizing" a novel's aphorisms. the significance of aphoristic formula within the French literary culture and its indisputable presence within the sleek novel make this a very major and fruitful study.

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Leurs civilisations ne sont que fragiles dorures: un volcan les efface, une mer nouvelle, un vent de sable. (68) Nous habitons une planete errante. (69) Both the narration per se and the above "chain" culminate in the following aphorism, which brings the chapter to a close: "Ah! le merveilleux d'une maison n'est point qu'elle vous abrite ou vous rechauffe, ni qu'on en possede les murs. Mais bien qu'elle ait lentement depose en nous ces provisions de douceur. " (78). "Maison" constitutes an archetypal metaphor that signifies various forms of "shelter" located outside the subject's seat of consciousness.

The topics under discussion are the pitfalls of materialism, the inadequacy of language, and the possible value of technological advances. The fifth aphorism, speaking to the merit of the "tools" that humanity has created, serves to sum up the entire meditation: "Au dela de 1'outil, et a travers lui, c'est la vieille nature que nous retrouvons, celle du jardinier, du navigateur, ou du poete" (61). Chapter 3 dispenses entirely with reporting events and in so doing resembles more an essay than a narrative sequence from a novel.

The move to include aphorism in the process of completing the hermeneutical circle or, by contrast, to access the "world of the text" is admittedly a blurry one. It would be misleading to use aphoristic weaponry in order to create new and definitive interpretations, or to determine once and for all the "first-order" - or any other - referents in a novel. Rather, through a heightened awareness of aphoristics in a given novel, a path might emerge, among many other possible ones, that can lead to an enhanced capacity on the part of the individual reader to make sense of a text and to access its world.

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Aphorism in the Francophone Novel of the Twentieth Century by Mark Bell


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