By Kevin Greene
This bestselling booklet has firmly demonstrated itself because the such a lot available consultant to archaeology to be had. It features:
* a proof to the invention and excavation of sites
* a worthwhile define of the key relationship methods
* transparent factors of clinical techniques
* new theories and present controversies
* explanatory diagrams and photos
* information on additional analyzing and updated bibliography.
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Extra resources for Archaeology: An Introduction
Magnetic surveying does not require probes in the ground; the instrument can be carried along a line or a grid by its operator, and it is generally preferred to resistivity for this reason when conditions are favourable. One form of instrument, the proton magnetometer, takes readings of the absolute magnetic field at given points on a grid. The proton gradiometer is less sensitive, but in many ways easier to operate; it measures the difference between two separate detector bottles at either end of a pole held vertically by the operator.
One form of instrument, the proton magnetometer, takes readings of the absolute magnetic field at given points on a grid. The proton gradiometer is less sensitive, but in many ways easier to operate; it measures the difference between two separate detector bottles at either end of a pole held vertically by the operator. 12 Magnetic survey of a site at Groundwell Farm, Wiltshire. As at La Panetteria (fig. 7) the site is a prehistoric settlement consisting of banks and ditches surrounding timber houses constructed in circular foundation trenches.
Fieldwork underwater is not unlike that on land, for it relies on visual scanning of areas of the seabed by divers. Photography, recording and surveying practices on wreck sites and cargo scatters use the same general principles employed on dry land, but they are of course more time-consuming and cumbersome. Echo-sounders and sonar scanners replace aerial photography for detecting anomalies on the seabed, except in clear shallow water, and magnetic location devices are very effective in surveying wreck sites (Dean 1992, 128–46).
Archaeology: An Introduction by Kevin Greene