Download e-book for kindle: Are Liberty and Equality Compatible? (For and Against) by Jan Narveson

By Jan Narveson

ISBN-10: 0521883822

ISBN-13: 9780521883825

Are the political beliefs of liberty and equality appropriate? this question is of imperative and carrying on with significance in political philosophy, ethical philosophy, and welfare economics. during this ebook, distinct philosophers absorb the talk. Jan Narveson argues political excellent of detrimental liberty is incompatible with any significant perfect of equality, whereas James P. Sterba argues that Narveson's personal excellent of adverse liberty is appropriate, and actually results in the necessities of a substantial perfect of equality. in fact, they can not either be correct. therefore, the main points in their arguments concerning the political perfect of damaging liberty and its specifications will make certain which ones is correct. Engagingly and accessibly written, their debate should be of worth to all who're attracted to the relevant factor of what are the sensible specifications of a political perfect of liberty.

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Constance Mungall and Digby McLaren (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), and Frances Lappe and Joseph Collins, World Hunger: Twelve Myths (New York: Grove Press, 1986). 54 To say that future generations have rights against existing generations, we can simply mean that there are enforceable requirements against existing generations that would benefit or prevent harm to future generations. 55 Of course, there is always the problem of others not doing their fair share. Nevertheless, as long as your sacrifice would avoid some basic harm to others, either now or in the future, it would still seem reasonable to claim that you would remain under an obligation to make that sacrifice, regardless of what others are doing.

Their argument that property rights cannot even be conceived without positive rights of protection is refuted by Locke himself, and the reformulated argument that I provided for them – that typically negative property rights entail, or require for their existence, some governmental-enforcement system of positive rights – works, but it does not, by itself, defeat the libertarian argument against welfare rights. 64 What my argument shows is that the libertarian’s own ideal of negative liberty, specifically the libertarian’s own conception of negative rights, requires a right to welfare under certain conditions.

Indeed, isn’t that what John Locke was asking us to envision in his Second Treatise of Government when he says of a person in the state of nature: “He that is nourished by the acorns he picked up under an oak or the apples he gathered from the trees in the woods has certainly appropriated them . . ”62 Surely, Locke’s conception of persons with property rights in a state of nature is not a conceptual impossibility. So Murphy and Nagel’s claim that we cannot even conceive of property rights absent a government and a tax system must be mistaken.

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Are Liberty and Equality Compatible? (For and Against) by Jan Narveson


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