By S. Birnbaum
Basic source of revenue is one the main cutting edge, strong and arguable proposals for addressing poverty and becoming inequalities. This booklet examines the arguments for and opposed to easy source of revenue from the viewpoint of financial and social justice.
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Extra info for Basic Income Reconsidered: Social Justice, Liberalism, and the Demands of Equality
Also, attaching EQUALITY OF STATUS AND ITS PRIORITY 47 some productivity-enhancing behavioral conditionality to the social minimum would arguably be required if (again) the expected (say) total earned incomes of the least favorable worker were to expand as a result in the long run. Hence, a “life prospect” perspective of this kind, with an emphasis on income and wealth expectations, harbors powerful reasons for rejecting any basic income policy that would significantly reduce work incentives. By opting for a basic income policy that allows people to choose more freely what kind of work to accept, and how much to work, a lower volume of labor output could be expected compared to policies more closely tied to stimulate employment, human capital investment, or other productive activities.
Building on recent works on relational equality and the bases of self-respect, the argument identifies circumstances of exploitable dependency and the lack of a context for social recognition as key obstacles to a society in which people can identify and interact as equals. The importance of universally protecting (a) a solid foundation in support of a nonsubservient self-conception and (b) access to meaningful activity triggers both reasons for and against attaching work requirements to the social minimum.
So those who surf all day off Malibu must find a way to support themselves and would not be entitled to public funds” (Rawls 1996, 181–182, n9; 2001a, 179). Accepting Rawls’s idea of adding leisure to the list of primary goods and to weigh income, work, and leisure in the way suggested would thus enable us to say that once we operate with a more complete notion of relevant goods, poor people who are voluntarily unemployed do not actually belong to the least well-off. In the absence of redistribution, they have lower income than those working full time, but they have much more leisure.
Basic Income Reconsidered: Social Justice, Liberalism, and the Demands of Equality by S. Birnbaum