By Christopher Morris
Mississippi represented the outdated South and all that it stood for--perhaps extra so than the other nation. Tracing its lengthy histories of monetary, social, and cultural evolution, Morris takes a detailed and richly certain examine a consultant Southern group: Jefferson Davis's Warren County, within the state's southwestern nook. Drawing on many wills, deeds, courtroom files, and manuscript fabrics, he unearths the transformation of a loosely knit, regularly Western group of pioneer homesteaders right into a fairly Southern society in accordance with plantation agriculture, slavery, and a patriarchal social order."This considerate, well-written examine without doubt can be broadly learn and deservedly influential."--American ancient evaluate.
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Extra info for Becoming Southern: The Evolution of a Way of Life, Warren County and Vicksburg, Mississippi, 1770-1860
Initially they were few in number. Once one or two white members of the community purchased slaves the urgency for others to do so lessened, for they could meet all their labor requirements by hiring their neighbor's slaves. And the first farmers to purchase slaves could rest assured that they were not going to add an extra burden to their households so long as they had neighbors who would take slaves off their hands when not needed. Once in the neighborhood slaves functioned in the local economy very much as wage laborers, except that their condition was permanent.
Following the Haitian Revolution the Spanish governor of Louisiana worried that his colony's slave population was too idle. "15 Thus, from the perspective of the whites, slaves were a communal resource they shared much as implements, draft animals, and their own labor. From the perspective of the slaves, the whole community, not one particular farm, formed the context of their existence. Selections from Jacques Rapalje's notebook illustrate the pattern of slave hiring in the neighborhood of the Big Black before the cotton boom.
Even New Orleans, the largest single market, obtained all it needed in nearby Spanish Louisiana. Moreover, as a Spanish possession, the Crescent City's trade fell victim to the whims of officials who periodically slapped large duties on imports. In April 1777, Spanish governor Galvez closed New Orleans entirely to British trade. 30 The export economy of West Florida consisted mostly of the fur trade and the shipment of timber to the West Indies. Although the commercial viability of both was subject to the uncertainties of international trade relations, they served homesteaders as readily available marketable products.
Becoming Southern: The Evolution of a Way of Life, Warren County and Vicksburg, Mississippi, 1770-1860 by Christopher Morris