By Peter Jacobs
Les Bartlett has develop into one of many nice characters of global conflict II heritage. He flew as bomb aimer with the then Flying Officer Michael Beetham, who later turned Marshal of the Royal Air strength. at the moment he used to be a sergeant yet received his fee in April 1944 and flew his travel, together with 27 raids over Germany and France among November 1943 and will 1944. On his moment operation his plane was once attacked via a Ju 88, leaving it with out flaps or brakes - a crash touchdown at Wittering ensued. on the finish of his 3rd challenge they discovered the complete of Lincolnshire fogbound and at last landed at RAF Melbourne in Yorkshire in advance of that airfield used to be closed additionally as a result fog. His plane was once hit within the wing by means of a 30lb incendiary bomb dropped by means of one other Lancaster flying above them on his 6th operation - yet they survived. On his 12th operation to Leipzig he used the nostril weapons to wreck a Ju 88 evening fighter, for which he was once offered the DFM. In February 1944 the port outer engine stuck hearth and the staff baled out. Les used to be then published as Assistant Adjutant to RAF Thornaby.
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Extra resources for Bomb Aimer Over Berlin: The Wartime Memoirs of Les Bartlett DFM
132–46. 12 G. Schulz, Revolutions and Peace Treaties, 1917–1920. London, 1967, 1972 translation, p. 223. 13 MacMillan, Peacemakers, p. 7. V. ), A History of the Peace Conference of Paris, 6 vols. Oxford, 1920–4, vol. 1, pp. 463–4. Kerr to Lloyd George (no date, c. 23 July 1919), F89/3/11 in the Lloyd George Papers in the House of Lords Record Office (LGP). 15 Quoted by D. Perman, The Shaping of the Czechoslovak State. Leiden, 1962, p. 169. 16 Lloyd George to Tom Jones, 17 March 1919, F/23/4/37 LGP; David Watson, Georges Clemenceau: France.
445. D. Felix, ‘Reparations Reconsidered with a Vengeance’, Central European History (June 1971), pp. 171– 9; Trachtenberg, Reparations in World Politics, pp. 66–8. See Steiner, The Lights that Failed, pp. 182–255 for an excellent overview of the economic complexities of the diplomacy of the period. 22 This figure would need to be multiplied roughly seventy-five times to give a current (2011) equivalent. 23 Marks, ‘Smoke and Mirrors’, pp. 337–8. 24 A. Sauvy, Histoire économique de la France entre les deux Guerres, 2 vols.
Yet inevitability is a concept that sits very uneasily with most historians and it must be questionable whether it is reasonable to hold the peacemakers of 1919, the last of whom left office forever in October 1922, accountable for the decisions taken by their successors, who might have followed many alternative turnings on the road that it is claimed led directly from 1919 to 1939. ’12 1914 clearly marked, for many who survived the ensuing cataclysm, the point at which an old world died, but its demise did not remove all of the 20 T h e O r ig i n s o f t h e Se c o n d Wo r l d Wa r problems that had convinced key decision-makers in Europe that the existing international structures must be recast, even if that entailed the risky stratagem of war.
Bomb Aimer Over Berlin: The Wartime Memoirs of Les Bartlett DFM by Peter Jacobs