David Millar's Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists PDF

By David Millar

ISBN-10: 0521000629

ISBN-13: 9780521000628

This quantity is a useful one-stop reference publication for an individual in need of a short and actual account of the existence and paintings of these who created technological know-how from its beginnings to the current day. The alphabetically prepared, illustrated biographical dictionary has been completely revised and up to date, masking over 1,500 key scientists (157 greater than within the earlier version) from forty nations. Physics, chemistry, biology, geology, astronomy, arithmetic, medication, meteorology and expertise are all represented and exact realization is paid to pioneer ladies whose achievements and instance opened tips to medical careers for others. This re-creation comprises contemporary Nobel laureates, in addition to winners of the Fields Medal, the mathematician's an identical of the Nobel Prize. Illustrated with round one hundred fifty photographs, diagrams, maps and tables, and with distinct panel beneficial properties, this ebook is an obtainable advisor to the world's favorite medical personalities. David Millar has performed learn into the circulate of polar ice sheets on the Scott Polar study Institute, Cambridge, and in Antarctica. He has additionally written on more than a few technological know-how and know-how themes, and edited a examine of the politics of the Antarctic. His expert profession has been spent within the oil undefined, mostly within the advertising of geoscience software program. He lives in France. John Millar graduated from Trinity collage, Cambridge, and has a doctorate from Imperial collage, London. He labored for BP constructing new geophysical equipment to be used in oil exploration and construction. In 1994 he co-founded GroundFlow Ltd., which has built electrokinetic surveying and logging as a brand new method for imaging and mapping fluids in subsurface porous rocks.

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Son of a statesman and courtier, Bacon was trained in law to follow the same path; with much effort and little scruple, he succeeded and held office under James I, finally becoming Lord High Chancellor in 1618. Convicted of taking bribes, he was banished from Court and office in 1621. His views of scientific method were influential and were expressed in a series of books and essays. He criticized Aristotle and the deductive method and advocated ‘induction’, in which emphasis is on the exhaustive collection of scientific data (with careful choice and the exclusion of extraneous items) until general causes and conclusions emerge almost mechanically; Bacon was antagonistic to imaginative speculation.

His preference was for simple equipment, mainly test-tubes and glass rods; he was suspicious even of mechanical stirrers. He had no superior as an organic chemist in his Munich period and all the best men in the field worked with him. His successes included the structure and synthesis of indigo. His work on the purine group began with studies on uric acid and included the synthesis of the useful barbiturate drugs (named, he said, after a lady friend named Barbara). Other work dealt with hydrobenzenes, terpenes and the sensitively explosive polyalkynes.

Babbage became professor of mathematics in Cambridge in 1828, and worked on the theory of functions and on algebra. However, he soon concerned himself with the poor quality of the mathematical tables then available, which were rich in errors, and blamed for many shipwrecks and engineering disasters. He was convinced that mechanical calculation could give error-free results; the subject became obsessive for him and was ultimately to change him from a sociable young man into an irascible elder who clashed even with the street musicians whose activities, he claimed, ‘ruined a quarter of his work potential’.

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Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists by David Millar

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