By Sergio Zubelzu, Roberto Álvarez Fernández
This ebook analyzes the connection among city improvement, greenhouse gases and the carbon footprint, and offers the most preventive measures that may be carried out on the layout level. Readers are supplied with the information had to devise a method for calculating the carbon footprint of city making plans tools, in addition to a framework for integrating sustainability into the making plans part. Highlighting the significance of preventive and corrective measures, the publication comprises functional feedback on tips on how to meet sustainability standards in city making plans designs, exploring undeveloped land reserves, urban-project layout and infrastructure layout, and provides a springboard for additional research.
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Additional info for Carbon Footprint and Urban Planning : Incorporating Methodologies to Assess the Influence of the Urban Master Plan on the Carbon Footprint of the City
Therefore, it have been also considered the average rate between the industrial categories deﬁned and the maximum (general light industry or industrial park uses) and minimum (general heavy industry) activity values. It should be noted that, while the data reported by Martin and McGuckin (1998) refer to industrial gross area, calculations in the present work has been linked to built area to represent and apply better the author’s methodology to other industrial developments. For this reason, ﬁgures presented in Martin and McGuckin (1998) have been multiplied by a common industrial ediﬁcability index in Madrid that accounts for up to 0:62 m2e =m2g (Ayuntamiento de Madrid, 2005).
Many authors have analyzed the relationship between the carbon footprint and water supply infrastructures. Signiﬁcant, the study by Shrestha et al. (2011) proved the influence of drinking water policy decisions on the resulting carbon footprint linked to this source. 47 %. 45 Own elaboration based on data from CITA (2008) Own elaboration based on data from García et al. (2010) Own elaboration based on data from García et al. (2010) Own elaboration based on data from Martínez-Val (2008) Own elaboration based on data from Carvajal (2011) Own elaboration based on data from García et al.
In addition, the collection of data for each commercial category is not an easy task. That is why it is advised to analyze the most relevant commercial categories in order to achieve the numbers required to calculate the carbon footprint. Those data are referred to the consumption and generation data included in Eqs. 9, since it is the most common managed urban planning variable, calculations have been referred to the built area. Three types of commercial categories that include the most relevant activities: • Catering: Preparation and delivery of food and beverages for off-site consumption without provision for on-site pickup or consumption.
Carbon Footprint and Urban Planning : Incorporating Methodologies to Assess the Influence of the Urban Master Plan on the Carbon Footprint of the City by Sergio Zubelzu, Roberto Álvarez Fernández