By China Development Research Foundation
Urbanization is among the significant demanding situations dealing with China. Of China’s 1.3 billion humans, round part nonetheless dwell in rural components. there was large migration from rural components to towns lately, a development that's more likely to proceed robust for a while. The traces that this monstrous migration places on China’s towns are huge, immense. This e-book makes to be had for the English-speaking reader the result of a wide team of study initiatives undertaken by way of CDRF, certainly one of China’s major imagine tanks, into the main points of rural-urban migration, the ensuing city progress and the issues linked to all this. The publication is going directly to recommend a brand new procedure, which goals to make sure that China’s urbanization proceeds in an orderly demeanour and that individuals and their wishes are placed on the centre of the method. Key components of the tactic comprise that 'city clusters' may still turn into the most kind of urbanization; that those may be prepared geographically in a development of 'two horizontal traces and 3 vertical lines'; that business and employment buildings should still spotlight nearby beneficial properties and variety; that city public providers may be extra equitably dispensed; that there may be new different types of urbanization administration and town governance to speed up urbanization and confirm harmonious social improvement; and that the full technique may be carried out in an ecological, 'green' way.
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Extra info for China's New Urbanization Strategy
This ﬁnding is consistent with World Bank conclusions on the subject as well (World Bank, 2009). At a time when China is putting considerable effort into narrowing income disparities, speeding up the process of urbanization provides greater room for different kinds of policy options. The role of urbanization in reducing development disparities can be seen not only in terms of income but also in terms of public services. 10 shows the relationship between urbanization and the number of health and technical personnel per thousand people in various provinces.
This brought large numbers of farmers into cities to work in factories and also into mining districts. By the end of 1957, the number of cities in China had increased to a total of 176, or 44 more than there had been in 1949. 4 per cent. The Great Leap Forward, a three-year event that began in 1958, ‘blindly’ went after high-speed economic growth. This brought a surge of the agrarian population into cities to ‘build up industry’, which caused an excessively rapid and explosive style of urbanization.
Such things as ‘operating a city [like a business]’, ‘getting rich off land’, and ‘using land as the source of public revenues’ have led to an extremely rapid expansion in the size of cities. This has happened so fast that the pace of ‘land urbanization’ has outstripped that of ‘population urbanization’. The density of urban populations has fallen dramatically in the process. 12 and Chapter 6). 26 China’s new urbanization strategy The unbalanced spatial distribution of cities and the various forms or shapes of urbanization Over the past three decades of rapid urbanization in China, most new cities have been concentrated around a relatively small number of areas, including Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Beijing.
China's New Urbanization Strategy by China Development Research Foundation