By Edgar Pieterse
Towns are the longer term. some time past 20 years, a world city revolution has taken position, regularly within the South. The 'mega-cities' of the constructing international are domestic to over 10 million humans each one or even smaller towns are experiencing unparalleled inhabitants surges. the issues surrounding this inflow of individuals - slums, poverty, unemployment and shortage of governance - were good documented. urban futures is a strong indictment of the present consensus on the best way to take care of those demanding situations. Pieterse argues that the present 'shelter for all' and 'urban stable governance' regulations deal with merely the indications, no longer the explanations of the matter. in its place, he claims, there's an pressing have to reinvigorate civil society in those towns, to motivate radical democracy, fiscal resilience, social resistance and environmental sustainability folded into the standard matters of marginalised humans.
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Additional resources for City Futures: Confronting the Crisis of Urban Development
5 This is fascinating because it is, of course, the dominance of property rights, particularly private property rights, which are enshrined in the constitution, that play a big part in the inability of South Africa to give effect to the progressive realization of housing rights. Unfortunately, the tension between private property rights and housing rights are left hanging in the GCST, which weakens the transformative potential of the document. This is a curious oversight since the document itself recognizes the role of unregulated, speculative land markets in perpetuating slums.
The GCST advocacy framework explicitly identifies it as a major problem and weakness in the overall shelter effort that the right to housing is largely ignored and frequently violated. In response, the GCST seeks to draw attention to the legal obligations on states to take it seriously, and has enrolled the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, who in turn has appointed a Special Rapporteur on adequate housing. Interestingly, in 2007 the Special Rapporteur carried out a review of South Africa’s housing policies and programmes.
Noble interventions by outside agencies to ‘improve’ the living conditions of slum dwellers or enhance their ‘livelihoods’ can easily be initiated at a complete disjuncture from how people hold their (precarious) lives and aspirations together, and potentially, inadvertently, undermine very delicate survival practices. Second, slum areas are not ungoverned, even though the formal state institutions may have little administrative oversight or engagement with these communities because of the absence of household services, effective policing, health care and the like.
City Futures: Confronting the Crisis of Urban Development by Edgar Pieterse