Download e-book for iPad: Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An introduction by Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan

By Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan

ISBN-10: 9027211868

ISBN-13: 9789027211866

This booklet supplies a complete creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the family members (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and starting place of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language switch and the equipment of reconstruction of older language phases, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). a whole description is given of the sound alterations, which makes it attainable to stick with the beginning of the various Indo-European languages step-by-step. this can be via a dialogue of the improvement of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The publication provides the most recent in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic concept, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the remedy. The textual content of this moment version has been corrected and up to date by means of Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new workouts let the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

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There are more than a hundred of them, of which Aranda is the best known. 14. A number of isolated languages which have lost all relations with other languages and groups must be listed. In Europe, there is first of all Basque. Almost without exception, all the languages of Europe which have survived are Indo-European languages: the exceptions are Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian and Basque, which is spoken by the Basque people of the inaccessible Pyrenees region of northern Spain. In Kashmir, Burushaski is similarly isolated, and in Japan the same is the case for the language of the Ainu people.

Old High German has been known since the eighth century in a number of dialects. 6). The term ‘high’ refers to the mountainous regions of southern Germany. The line of division runs from Maastricht in the Netherlands across Germany to the south of Berlin. Old Saxon was not affected by the second sound shift, and Franconian only in part; therefore we find Low (or Niederâ•‚) and High Franconian (this last term is not currently used). Franconian spread toward the west until it reached the Seine, and gave its name to French, but the language itself was ousted by Romance French.

We possess some hundred inscriptions which were written in it. b. Sabellian The remaining languages of the Italic group are nowadays called the Sabellian languages (formerly the Osco-Umbrian languages). In the first place there is Umbrian, which was spoken in Umbria, east of Tuscany. The Umbrians originally also inhabited Tuscany, but were driven out by the Etruscans, who had come from the area around the Aegean Sea. The Umbrian language is principally known from seven bronze tables discovered at Iguvium (now Gubbio), the ‘Tabulae Iguvinae’.

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Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An introduction by Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan

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