Crisis of Rome: The Jugurthine and Northern Wars and the by Gareth Sampson PDF

By Gareth Sampson

ISBN-10: 1844159728

ISBN-13: 9781844159727

Within the later second century BC, after a interval of speedy enlargement and conquest, the Roman Republic came across itself in quandary. In North Africa her armies have been already slowed down in an extended tough guerrilla battle in a harsh atmosphere whilst invasion by means of a coalition of Germanic tribes, the Cimbri, Teutones and Ambrones, threatened Italy and Rome itself, causing painful defeats on Roman forces in pitched conflict Gaius Marius used to be the guy of the hour. the 1st battle he delivered to an finish via tactical brilliance, bringing the Numidian King Jugurtha again in chains. prior to his send even again to Italy, the senate elected Marius to steer the struggle opposed to the northern invaders. Reorganizing and reinvigorating the demoralized Roman legions, he led them to 2 notable victories within the area of months, crushing the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquiae Sextae and the Cimbri at Vercellae. The Roman military emerged from this era of trouble a far leaner and extra specialist strength and the writer examines the level to which the Marian Reforms have been chargeable for this and the level to which they are often attributed to Marius himself.

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Summary Thus the events of the period 146–120 BC do not appear to meet the impression which we find in Sallust, namely that after Carthage had been defeated Rome lay unchallenged. With the more clear-cut wars against Macedon and Carthage won, we can see that Rome became entangled in a number of conflicts with tribes who bordered Roman territory. Although on a map both Spain and Illyria were Roman territories, the tribes of the regions had other ideas. In both the Viriathic and Numantine Wars, Rome tasted defeat and setback, with repercussions at Rome.

Yet the battle is little known today, rendered obscure by the lack of a surviving account, an omission which hopefully will be corrected in this work. There can be little doubt that the very future of the Roman Empire, as it came to be, was in peril at this point in its history. The culmination of these conflicts saw a barbarian army invade Italy itself, with the intent on settling there. Had the Romans failed at Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae, then Rome’s presence in mainland Europe would have vastly diminished, undermining the basis of western civilization.

There can be little doubt that the very future of the Roman Empire, as it came to be, was in peril at this point in its history. The culmination of these conflicts saw a barbarian army invade Italy itself, with the intent on settling there. Had the Romans failed at Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae, then Rome’s presence in mainland Europe would have vastly diminished, undermining the basis of western civilization. Two further points need to be made before our exploration of this period can begin. The first relates to the nomenclature of these conflicts.

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Crisis of Rome: The Jugurthine and Northern Wars and the Rise of Marius by Gareth Sampson


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