By Ioana A. Oltean
Offering an in depth attention of earlier theories of local payment styles and the effect of Roman colonization, Dacia bargains clean perception into the province Dacia and the character of Romanization. It analyzes Roman-native interplay from a panorama viewpoint targeting the center territory of either the Iron Age and Roman Dacia. Oltean considers the character and distribution of cost within the pre-Roman and Roman sessions, the human influence at the neighborhood landscapes and the adjustments which happened because of Roman profession. facing the best way that the Roman conquest and association of Dacia impacted at the local cost development and society, this publication will locate itself everyday among scholars of historical Rome.
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Extra info for Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization (Monographs in Classical Studies)
From several points of view, the study area does not constitute a unitary space. What gives it unity, however, are the communication and access possibilities, which are always important for human settlement. The Mures valley was the main communication route between Transylvania and the western (Pannonian) plain. The river valley provides a convenient passageway beyond the Western Carpathians through the Mures Defile, a series of short defiles and small basins with larger terraces. But this is not the only passage option.
El Susi 1996; Gudea and Gudea 1999, 2000). Roman evidence comes from Apulum and from the settlement around the fort at Porolissum further north and reveals mainly the consumption of cattle, pig and sheep/goat and the presence of dogs and horses. A number of domesticated animals, like cattle, horses, mules, sheep, pigs, goats, are present in artistic representations on Trajan’s Column in Rome or the Tropaeum Traiani from Adamclisi (Macrea 1969, 297; Lepper and Frere, 1988). 26). Also, words for animals (domesticated and wild) or connected with animal husbandry have been transmitted to modern Romanian (such as manz-foal, colt; viezure-badger, branza-cheese, zer-whey) from Dacian, indicating their prehistoric origins, while most of the names of traditional domesticated animals are of Latin origin.
Inside, however, the mountains enclose a large area of hills, tableland and alluvial plains, called Transylvania. The name itself first occurs in early medieval Hungarian chronicles of the eleventh century written in Latin (Anonymus, Simon de Keza) as the land ‘beyond the forests’ (trans silvae) (Pop 1997, 5–7) that once covered much of the Carpathians. Transylvania can be understood as a space enclosed by the mountains. This topographic characteristic has determined various interpretations of the advantages that the area has offered to human settlement throughout history.
Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization (Monographs in Classical Studies) by Ioana A. Oltean