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Extra resources for Decommissioning of Research Reactors (IAEA TRS-446)

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This included the lack of decommissioning oriented regulations, record keeping, waste management and disposal sites, expertise, training and technologies. All of these aspects did not receive proper attention and planning, with the inaccurate perception that decommissioning could be accomplished quite readily with minimal planning and available resources. Complacency in decommissioning planning and implementation has resulted in 20 undue delays, lack of funding and other resources, and ultimately ended up with extra costs.

6. Typical Visimodeller screen shot. Geometrical elements from complex environments are selected by a simple click of the mouse. 37 FIG. 7. The ALARA principle put into practice: on-site cutting into large pieces of the BR-3 reactor using a semi-automatic tool. based on surveys and calculations made immediately following the last reactor shutdown. In addition to global planning assumptions, dose estimates for individual jobs were calculated during the ALARP (the UK equivalent of ALARA) review/dose reduction measures that took place for each nuclear procedure or method statement carried out [19].

The view prevailing in many Member States in the past decade or two was that a decommissioning plan was only required after permanent shutdown. It was generally unspecified how soon after shutdown the decommissioning plan had to be drafted. This resulted in a number of complications due to loss of experienced staff, deterioration of records, demotivation of remaining workers, etc. Eventually it became clear that a detailed decommissioning plan was essential prior to and not later than permanent shutdown, and this position is now generally accepted.

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Decommissioning of Research Reactors (IAEA TRS-446)

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