By Marco Mariano
During this quantity, essays via students from each side of the Atlantic open new views at the development of the "Atlantic group" in the course of global conflict II and the early chilly warfare years. in line with unique ways bringing jointly diplomatic background and the heritage of tradition and concepts, the publication exhibits how atlantism got here to supply a high-quality ideological origin for the protection group of North American and eu countries which took form within the Nineteen Forties. the assumption of a transatlantic group according to shared histories, values, and political and fiscal associations used to be instrumental to the construction of the Atlantic Alliance, and partially bills for the continued life of the Atlantic partnership after the chilly battle. while, this learn breaks new flooring by means of arguing that the emergence of the belief of "Atlantic group" additionally mirrored deeper traits in transatlantic relatives; in truth, it was once the result of the re-definition of "the West" as a result of upward push of the USA and the decline of Europe within the foreign enviornment through the first half the 20 th Century.
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Extra info for Defining the Atlantic Community: Culture, Intellectuals, and Policies in the Mid-Twentieth Century (Routledge Research in Atlantic Studies)
But fi rst, before I get to the heart of my argument, I want to make clear that American policy toward Europe during the cold war was Wilsonian in at least one respect: It sought to prevent the domination of the continent by the Soviet Union. Following American entry into the Great War, Wilson identified Germany’s attainment of its Mitteleuropa project, which would have given the Kaiserreich effective mastery not only of the continent, as the chief threat to American security. ” The danger was not direct or immediate, but Wilson believed that successful achievement of Mitteleuropa would have enabled Germany to dominate the world system and to shape the global political environment.
This ambition put him solidly in opposition to any European construction that was not based on the United States as its guarantor and dominant member. The key problem in restructuring the postwar world was to fi nd a place for Germany where its energies could be harnessed for the benefit of all and its proclivity toward aggression curbed. Germany could not be isolated or left to its own devices. ” Yet the latter alternative was neither viable nor realistic. ”22 In Lippmann’s view, Europe was less a fragile plant to be nurtured than a potentially dangerous growth that had to be contained.
19 In the minds of Americans, European politics were always connected to developments in other parts of the world. Thus the various Balkan crises of the 1870s and 1880s and their connection to the European balance of power were understood to be the likely cause of a great war. ) But the so-called Eastern Question was also connected to the competition between England and Russia in central Asia and Afghanistan that came to be known as “the Great Game,” in which Russian expansion in the direction of India was interpreted as an attempt to divert British attention from the competition over the future of the Ottoman Empire.
Defining the Atlantic Community: Culture, Intellectuals, and Policies in the Mid-Twentieth Century (Routledge Research in Atlantic Studies) by Marco Mariano