By Miguel Abensour
Within the "Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right,” the younger Marx elliptically alludes to a "true democracy" whose creation may cross hand in hand with the disappearance of the nation. Miguel Abensour’s rigorous interpretation of this seminal textual content unearths an “unknown Marx” who undermines the id of democracy with the kingdom and defends a traditionally occluded kind of politics.
True democracy doesn't entail the political and financial energy of the kingdom, however it doesn't dream of a post-political society both. to the contrary, the conflict of democracy is waged through a demos that invents a public sphere of everlasting struggles, a politics that counters political paperwork and illustration. Democracy is "won" through a humans forewarned that any dissolution of the political realm in its independence, any subordination to the kingdom, is tantamount to annihilating the location for gaining and regaining a really human existence.
In this explicitly heterodox interpreting of Marx, Miguel Abensour proposes a concept of "insurgent" democracy that makes political liberty synonymous with a residing critique of domination.
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Extra info for Democracy Against the State: Marx and the Machiavellian Movement
Are we entering a new period in which Marx is " explained " in his own term s ? There are, then, m a n y di fferent returns t o M a r x . B u t rather than distinguishing them according to their specific objectives, we might do better to begin by drawing a li ne between those who are in the Marxist camp, or who are aligned with a given form of Marxism, and those who take a distinctly neutral or even antagonistic stance toward Marxism; between those who continue to make Marx a catalyst for movements, parties and States, and those who, turning their backs on these ways of using Marx, are ready to examine Marx in hi s singular ity and in his solitude.
Let us return to the initial question: what is the truth of democracy ? Relying on " the modern French, " the author of the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of R ight comes to a surprising, enigmatic response, according to which the advent of democracy would go hand-in-hand with the disappearance XXX " O F I N SURG E NT D EMO CRACY " of the political state . Moreover, instead of turning this thesis into a beautiful sunrise with no tomorrow, we might concede to recogn ize in it a latent, underlying, persistent dimension of Marx's political interrogation.
Landauer in Revolution, from a XXXV F O REWO RD TO THE S ECO ND F R E NCH E D ITI O N utopia to a new topia and t o make of o u r stay the nowhere of utopia, to open the greatest horizon of chances to the action of the people. Secondly, insurgent democracy is not the equivalent of a variant of the radical-li beral proj ect - the citizen against the powers - but rather a plural formula - the citizens against the State, or better yet the community of citizens against the State . In the words of La Boetie, insurgent democracy means the community of " all ones " (tous uns ) - what it speci fically terms friendship - against the " a l l One" (tous Un) ; a n d more precisely, i f we take in charge the dynamic dimension of the political, the resistance of the all ones to the shift into all One, as if i nsurgency h a d amongst other functions the o n e of blocki ng, eradicating the ever menacing slippage of the community of all ones towards the unifying form of the all One, denying the plurality, the ontological condition of plurality .
Democracy Against the State: Marx and the Machiavellian Movement by Miguel Abensour