Aleksander Gella's Development of class structure in eastern Europe: Poland & PDF

By Aleksander Gella

ISBN-10: 0887068332

ISBN-13: 9780887068331

E-book by way of Gella, Aleksander

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Extra resources for Development of class structure in eastern Europe: Poland & her southern neighbors

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On the south, a small Austrian principality, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty, became a center of the Holy Roman Empire. On the western Polish border, Brandenburg, originally a margraviate, and then an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations, made a steadfast career between the sixteenth and nineteenth century. This small country, who in the sixteenth and seventeenth century was a vassalage of the Polish kingdom, rose to the status of a kingdom and changed its name to Prussia, 21 became in the eighteenth century the initiator of the partition of Poland.

However, the general decline of the country, since the middle of the seventeenth century, brought about by war, devastations and steady growth of the oligarchical power of magnates, caused the corruption of the entire system. Then the Liberum Veto had become the most disastrous tool of subversion of the foreign powers using the corrupted deputies. For about one hundred years exercising the Liberum Veto prevented all attempts of reforms in Poland. The egalitarian ideology of the nobility became a very useful instrument in the hands of a few aristocratic magnates who vetoed any bill that could threaten theft growing power.

They considered themselves the only members of the nation, and were convinced that they built their nobles' state on the pattern of the ancient Roman Republic. 15 The Polish szlachta (nobility, British authors usually translate it as "gentry") was strongly differentiated economically, but highly united ideologically. '' All noblemen had equal rights, and any one of them could be elected king. "16 Because they were afraid to destroy their equality by electing one among themselves, the nobility usually elected a member of some foreign dynasty to be the king.

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Development of class structure in eastern Europe: Poland & her southern neighbors by Aleksander Gella

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