Get Die Sozialstruktur Deutschlands PDF

By Rainer Geißler

ISBN-10: 3531186299

ISBN-13: 9783531186290

ISBN-10: 3531191519

ISBN-13: 9783531191515

Die 7. grundlegend überarbeitete Auflage dieses Standardwerks bietet einen umfassenden Überblick über die sozialstrukturelle Entwicklung und den sozialen Wandel in Deutschland vor und nach der Wiedervereinigung. Durch die vergleichende Gegenüberstellung der Verhältnisse in DDR und Bundesrepublik bzw. neuen und alten Bundesländern werden wichtige Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten herausgearbeitet. Auf empirischer Grundlage werden die folgenden Teilbereiche dargestellt: Bevölkerungsstruktur, materielle Lebensbedingungen, soziale Ungleichheiten und Schichtstrukturen, Umschichtungsprozesse in wichtigen Gruppen (Eliten, Dienstleistungsschichten, Selbstständige, Landwirte, Arbeiterschichten), Armut und Prekarität, Migration und Integration, soziale Mobilität, soziale Ungleichheit zwischen Frauen und Männern sowie Familie und andere inner most Lebensformen. Abschließend werden die Grundlinien der Gesamtentwicklung im Rahmen der Modernisierungstheorie interpretiert und eine Zwischenbilanz zu intestine zwei Jahrzehnten deutscher Einheit aus der Perspektive der Sozialstrukturanalyse gezogen.

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Additional resources for Die Sozialstruktur Deutschlands

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Auch innerhalb der Arbeiterschaft gab es erhebliche soziale Unterschiede. So verdiente z. B. ein Facharbeiter das Zwei- bis Dreifache eines Ungelernten, während Landarbeiter wieder- 18 2 Die Entstehung der Industriegesellschaft: sozioökonomischer Wandel im 19. Jahrhundert um in der Regel ca. 20 % weniger Einkommen hatten als ungelernte Fabrikarbeiter (Rürup 1984, 97). Nach Marx sollten Unterschiede zwischen den verschiedenen Arbeitergruppen durch den nivellierenden Einfluss der Fabrikarbeit verschwinden und allmählich eine sozial homogene Arbeiterklasse mit gleichgerichteten Interessen entstehen.

Er unterschied sich in einem zentralen, sozial folgenreichen Strukturmerkmal von der Bauern- und Handwerkerfamilie: Wohnung und Arbeitsstätte waren getrennt; die Produktion fand nicht in der Familie, sondern außerhalb statt. Der Ursprung dieser Familienform hat mit der Industrialisierung zunächst nichts zu tun. Das Prinzip der „strengen Trennung von Dienstlichem und Privatem“, von Arbeit und Familie hatte sich bereits in vorindustrieller Zeit im Dienstleistungsbereich entwickelt und prägte den Dienst und das Familienleben der Beamten.

1 ist zu beachten, dass die Daten vor 2011 bis in die 1980er Jahre hinein aus der Bevölkerungsfortschreibung stammen und überhöht sind und dass seit 2001 die Daten für Berlin fehlen. Für die Bevölkerungsentwicklung in Ost und West in den Jahren 1990–2011 wurde angenommen, dass sich die 3,3 Millionen Berliner des Zensus 2011 so auf West und Ost verteilen wie die 3,3 Millionen des Jahres 2000: 2 Millionen Westberliner – 1,3 Millionen Ostberliner. 2 Veränderungen im generativen Verhalten: Babyboom und Geburtenrückgang 31 Im Folgenden sollen die Prozesse, die hinter der Bevölkerungsentwicklung in Ostund Westdeutschland stecken – zunächst die natürliche Bevölkerungsbewegung und danach die Wanderungen – etwas genauer dargestellt werden.

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Die Sozialstruktur Deutschlands by Rainer Geißler


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