Dynamics of Poverty in Rural Bangladesh by Pk. Md. Motiur Rahman PDF

By Pk. Md. Motiur Rahman

ISBN-10: 4431542841

ISBN-13: 9784431542841

ISBN-10: 443154285X

ISBN-13: 9784431542858

The learn of poverty dynamics is necessary for powerful poverty relief regulations as the alterations in source of revenue poverty also are followed via alterations in socioeconomic components akin to literacy, gender parity in class, overall healthiness care, little one mortality, and asset holdings. to be able to learn the dynamics of poverty, info from 1,212 families in 32 rural villages in Bangladesh was once accumulated in December 2004 and December 2009. This publication stories the analytical effects from quantitative and qualitative surveys from an identical families at issues of time, which yielded the panel information for realizing the adjustments in occasions of poverty.

Efforts were made to incorporate the newest study from varied disciplines together with economics, information, anthropology, schooling, well-being care, and vulnerability examine. particularly, findings from logistic regression research, polychoric valuable part research, kernel density functionality, source of revenue mobility with the aid of the Markov chain version, and baby foodstuff prestige from anthropometric measures were presented.

Asset holdings and liabilities of the chronically terrible in addition to these of 3 different financial teams (the descending non-poor, the ascending terrible, and the non-poor) are analyzed statistically. the levels of vulnerability to poverty are tested by way of years of education, landholding measurement, gender of loved ones head, social capital, and profession. The a number of logistic regression version was once used to spot vital chance components for a household’s vulnerability.

In 2009, a number of the simple features of the chronically negative have been: better percent and variety of female-headed families, better dependency ratio, reduce degrees of schooling, fewer years of education, and constrained employment. there has been a low measure of mobility of families from one poverty prestige to a different within the interval 2004-2009, implying that the method of monetary improvement and excessive monetary development within the macroeconomy in this time didn't increase the poverty scenario in rural Bangladesh.

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Sample text

3 Limiting Behaviour of Transition Probabilities It is interesting to investigate the limiting behaviour of the probabilities ( Pi( T ) ) and { Pij( T ) } as T tends to infinity. In the general theory of Markov chains the limiting behaviour depends on the structure of the transition probability matrix P, provided that this matrix P is regular. Satisfying this condition it makes it possible to show the probabilities all approach limits as T tends to infinity (Bartholomew 1978). 50 5 Inter-temporal Mobility of Poverty Status Fig.

2). 1). The population profile fits well with national data obtained by population census or large scale survey (Fig. 2). It is evident from the age-pyramid that the proportion of child population fell, while the working age (15–64) population rose over the 5 year period. The implication for the labour market is that it must absorb the increased labour force every year, which creates additional pressure on the market. Another weakness is that the old age population (65+) has increased, indicating higher economic burden within a household.

In other words, inter-temporal transition of poverty status from 2004 to 2009 constitutes a first-order Markov chain. Let us consider a Markov chain with state space S {S = 1, 2, 3, 4} representing chronically poor (CP), descending non-poor (DNP), ascending poor (AP), and non-poor (NP). The category boundaries of poverty status (CP, DNP, AP and NP) have been explained in detail in Chap. 1. The choice of these categories is made keeping in conformity with other studies and nationally accepted classified groups.

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Dynamics of Poverty in Rural Bangladesh by Pk. Md. Motiur Rahman

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