By Vasiliki Kassianidou, George Papasavvas
James D. Muhly is a exotic student with a different curiosity in historical metallurgy who has devoted a lot of his study to Cypriot archaeology. His paintings at the metallurgy of historical Cyprus endorses the real significance of the island as a copper generating zone, in addition to a pioneer within the improvement and unfold of metallurgy and metalwork within the wider jap and critical Mediterranean area. This quantity includes papers from "Eastern Mediterranean Metallurgy and Metalwork within the moment Millennium BC", a world convention organised in Muhly's honour via the college of Cyprus.
Several archaeologists and archaeometallurgists from around the globe whose learn specializes in the metallurgy of this era in Cyprus and surrounding areas have been invited to take part within the convention to match and distinction the cloth tradition linked to metallurgical workshops and to debate technological matters and their cultural and archaeological contexts. a few papers are dedicated to the metallurgy and metalwork of Cyprus, featuring fabric from a variety of websites and discussing the creation and use of copper within the jap Mediterranean. Others are devoted to the Minoan and Aegean steel and the connections among Sardinia and Cyprus. relocating eastwards, from Anatolia throughout the Syro-palestinian coast and Jordan and south to Egypt, papers are provided that debate overdue Bronze Age metallurgy in Alalakh, Ugarit, Faynan, Timna and Qantir. the amount additionally comprises papers on tin and iron.
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Extra info for Eastern Mediterranean Metallurgy in the Second Millennium BC: A conference in honour of James D. Muhly, Nicosia, 10th–11th October 2009
This is confirmed by hundreds of bronzes found in the tombs of the period. If however the number of bronzes is ignored, little evidence of metallurgical activities has been found in EB–MBA settlements so far excavated in Cyprus: there are a few pieces of slag from Kalopsidha (Famagusta), unstratified pieces of ores, slag and crucibles from Alambra (Nicosia) (Coleman et al. 1996), and a stone mould for an axe from Marki (Frankel and Webb 2006). The full range of evidence which would be expected to be left by the treatment of metals and their ores has not been found on these sites.
H. (2009) A response to the paper of A. M. Pollard: What a long, strange trip it’s been: lead isotopes and archaeology. In A. J. Shortland, I. C. Freestone and T. Rehren (eds) From Mine to Microscope: Advances in the Study of Ancient Technology, 191–196. Oxford, Oxbow Books. Gale, N. H. and Stos-Gale, Z. A. (2002) Archaeometallurgical research in the Aegean. In M. Bartelheim, E. Pernicka and R. Krause (eds) The Beginnings of Metallurgy in the Old World, 277–302. Rahden/Westfallen, Verlag Marie Leidorf.
7). From this study, Kassianidou (in Kling and Muhly 2007, 277) concluded that Apliki was a settlement with storage facilities for food or other commodities to be used by the workforce, as well as an industrial centre where copper metal was extracted from sulphide ores. Some of the faunal remains (sheep, goat, ox) were stained green and were most likely impregnated with metal ‘salts’ (copper, iron) (Croft, in Kling and Muhly 2007, 321). Karamallos lies only two miles from the ore body at Apliki, but Taylor (1952, 150) was concerned that ‘…the evidence for the mining of copper ore by the occupants of this site is tentative’.
Eastern Mediterranean Metallurgy in the Second Millennium BC: A conference in honour of James D. Muhly, Nicosia, 10th–11th October 2009 by Vasiliki Kassianidou, George Papasavvas