G. I. Kopylov's Elementary Kinematics of Elementary Particles (Science for PDF

By G. I. Kopylov

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Extra resources for Elementary Kinematics of Elementary Particles (Science for Everyone)

Example text

The first narrates the story of the decay of what is old, obsolete and corpulent, and the birth of what is new, young and agile. The second plot has to do with the clashes between heroes that are impetuous and striving to be in action and other characters that are stiff and fixed, and the collisions that occur in these encounters. In other, perhaps more appropriate words, these are the spontaneous decay of heavy particles into lighter ones and the scattering of fast particles by stationary ones.

A Lorentz transformation (stage one). and our own velocity. Since velocity and mornentum are different quantities, we can take any velocity scale we like. : project the momentum vector on the velocity vector by dropping a perpendicular from the head of the momentum vector onto the velocity arrow (or on its extension) and onto the direction perpendicular to the velocity (Fig. 6). We thereby obtain two new vectors. They are called the longitudinal component of the momentum (denoted by PH' and equal Lo p cos 8) and the transverse component (denoted by p J..

The accumulation of mass in a body becomes observable only as the velocity of the body approaches the limiting value, whereas the velocity of the fastest rocket is less than ilia 000. So high is the vel ocity of light. If the veloci ty of light was, let us say, 10 km/s, the rocket engineers would have to apply Einstein's formula in their calculations, thereby taking into account the increase in the inertia of the rocket as it approaches this velocity. But if the velocity of light was still lower, for instance 1 km/s, a great many phenomena in the world would take place in a different way and Einstein's mechanics would seem to us to be just as natural as Newton's mechanics do now.

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Elementary Kinematics of Elementary Particles (Science for Everyone) by G. I. Kopylov


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