By Scott L. Bills
The second one international warfare shattered and remade the area. nice powers - the us and the Soviet Union - warily faced one another around the smoking ruins of Europe. however the finish of battle for Europeans triggered a surge of renewed fight in colonial components, as nationalist teams sought higher autonomy or independence. The weakened, tottering empires of england, France, and the Netherlands - their myths of army and racial superiority destroyed via the wartime line of march - have been beset. American policymakers have been not afforded the posh of ignoring colonial difficulties as they started to model a brand new globalism to counter Soviet effect.
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Extra resources for Empire and Cold War: The Roots of US-Third World Antagonism, 1945–47
Hence, President Truman inherited a policy toward colonial areas which was replete with contradictions and imbalances, as it always had been, within a political environment which forced him to make the kinds of decisions that Franklin Roosevelt had consciously postponed. The course of Truman's decision-making then contributed to the opening of a new level of hostility toward and rivalry with the USSR. In the process, the attitudes and priorities discussed in the OSS paper summarized above became, by 1947, the basis for American foreign policy: a Eurocentric focus, a global struggle to contain Soviet influence, a retreat from advocacy of anticolonial views which might interfere with consolidation of a Euro-American security system.
In The Time for Decision (1944), he identified the need soon for 'a radical readjustment of international relationships throughout Asia and the regions of the Pacific ... if there is to be any hope at all of political stability, economic security, and peaceful progress'. Although he did not feel that colonial peoples were sufficiently advanced to handle self-government, Welles advised that restoration of the status quo in Asian dependencies was no longer feasible. In early 1945 Welles described 'the whirlwind which is looming': an outburst of anticolonial sentiment and activity in the Far East.
Among American officials, the word 'Philippines' was always prominent amid lectures upon or suggestions for better management of European colonies. To Third-World peoples, the Philippines was offered as proof of American benevolence and goodwill. An informational booklet prepared by the US embassy in Manila began this way: The Philippine Republic stands as a symbol of democracy in the Far East and as concrete evidence of the fairness and unselfishness of the United States .... The countries of Asia ...
Empire and Cold War: The Roots of US-Third World Antagonism, 1945–47 by Scott L. Bills