Download PDF by Armin Gutowski, A. A. Arnaudo, Hans-Eckart Scharrer: Financing Problems of Developing Countries: Proceedings of a

By Armin Gutowski, A. A. Arnaudo, Hans-Eckart Scharrer

ISBN-10: 1349067490

ISBN-13: 9781349067497

ISBN-10: 1349067512

ISBN-13: 9781349067510

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Additional resources for Financing Problems of Developing Countries: Proceedings of a Conference held by the International Economic Association in Buenos Aires, Argentina

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479, August. Hughes, Helen and Lutz, Ernst (1981) 'The Outlook for the 1980s with Particular Reference to Trade', mimeograph, Washington DC, World Bank, April. Kruger, Anne (1980) 'Trade Policy as an Input to Developmen t', American Economic Review, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 228-93. Sapir, Andre and Lutz, Ernst (1980) Trade in Non-Factor Services: Past Trends and Current Issues, Washington DC, World Bank Staff Working Paper, No. 410, August. , Johnson, G. , and staff team (1981) International Capital Markets, Recent Developments and Short- Term Prospects (Washington DC: International Monetary Fund), August.

We find two periods in the economic history of Latin America when the main source of growth was domestic financing. In the 1930s, the economic growth of the Latin-American countries was predominantly financed by internal savings. 5 per cent of national product in Latin America. Only the socialist countries and Japan, in accomplishing industrialisation, relied to a smaller extent on foreign resources in the period under review (Kadar, 1980). Moreover, it is precisely the example of Latin America which draws attention to the fact that domestic and external financing are not alternatives that exclude each other; the relative weight of domestic and external financing can vary in the consecutive stages of growth.

In Japan, after the Meiji restoration, the estate owners passed on the high land taxes to the peasantry. Thus estate owners practically played the role of tax collectors: owing to the fact that very often farm rents were paid in kind, estate owners also undertook the functions of storing and transporting products. In his recently published very thorough work on the taxation of agriculture, Manig (1981) deals in a number of places with taxation in kind and in labour, as a means of non-monetary capital formation.

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Financing Problems of Developing Countries: Proceedings of a Conference held by the International Economic Association in Buenos Aires, Argentina by Armin Gutowski, A. A. Arnaudo, Hans-Eckart Scharrer


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