By Julie A. Hadwin, Andy P. Field
With contributions from an international group of specialists this ebook presents a finished review of data processing biases in youngsters and adolescents.The first ebook to supply readers with an figuring out of tension and the function of data processing biases extra greatly within the context of developmental psychopathologyDemonstrates how researchers have explored varied elements of data processing in fearful kids and adolescentsDraws at the microparadigms utilized in the learn of improvement and psychopathology to contemplate matters on the topic of heritability, temperament, studying and parentingConsiders preventative tools and therapy protocols
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Extra info for Information Processing Biases and Anxiety: A Developmental Perspective
Anxious children display a tendency to use this internal information for evaluating the threat in their environment, a phenomenon that is labelled as ‘emotional reasoning’, which will be the topic of the next section. Emotional Reasoning Physical sensations such as palpitations, sweating and trembling are part and parcel of the anxiety response (Lang, 1968) and there is evidence that such sensations also occur in anxious youths (see Fonseca and Perrin, 2001). Arntz, Rauner and Van den Hout (1995) demonstrated that adult patients with anxiety disorders tend to employ these physical anxiety symptoms as a parameter for evaluating the dangerousness of a situation.
The resulting ‘space odyssey’ paradigm is essentially a computer game of an imaginary journey to an unknown planet. During the first part of the game, children get acquainted with the unknown living conditions on the new planet: they are presented with brief scenarios describing unknown stimuli and situations. e. mildly threatening) and a positive outcome. Children continuously receive feedback on the correctness of their choices. e. e. positive training group). g. going to school, encountering unfamiliar people).
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 35, 185–201. Muris, P. and Field, A. (2008) Distorted cognition and pathological anxiety in children and adolescents. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 395–421. , Meesters, C. and Mayer, B. (2004) Children’s conception and interpretation of anxiety-related physical symptoms. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 35, 233–244. , Mayer, B. et al. (2007a) Spider fear and covariation bias in children and adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 2604–2615.
Information Processing Biases and Anxiety: A Developmental Perspective by Julie A. Hadwin, Andy P. Field